Physiotherapists are trained healthcare professionals. They work in specialist areas that include:

  • Mental Health
  • Intensive Care
  • Neurology (Including Stroke)
  • Long-term Conditions
  • Men’s and Women’s Health (Including Incontinence)
  • Recovery After Major Surgery
  • Orthopaedics and Trauma
  • Sports
  • Paediatrics (Children)
  • Workplace Health
  • Care of the Elderly
  • Education and Health Promotion

Many physiotherapists work as part of a multidisciplinary team. They can work from NHS hospitals, community-based organisations, private hospitals and clinics, sports clubs, charities and workplaces.

Physiotherapists help treat physical problems linked to a number of the body’s systems, including:

  • Musculoskeletal – bones, joints and soft tissues
  • Neuromuscular – the brain and nervous system
  • Cardiovascular – heart and blood circulation
  • Respiratory – the organs that help you breathe, such as the windpipe (trachea), voicebox (larynx) and lungs

What do physiotherapists do?

Examples of approaches used in physiotherapy include:

  • Movement and Exercise – taking into account a person’s current level of health and their specific requirements
  • Manual Therapy Techniques – where the physiotherapist aids recovery by using their hands to relieve muscle pain and stiffness, and encourage blood flow to an injured part of the body
  • Aquatic Therapy – a form of physiotherapy carried out in water
  • Other Techniques – such as heat, cold and acupuncture to ease pain


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